Ruth resides in the nation's capital, Washington, D.

It is a very important section with regard to care proceedings, because it often happens that a local authority (LA) will ask parents to sign a ‘section 20 agreement’.

Her work appears in "The Multi-Generational Workforce in the Health Care Industry," and she has been cited in numerous publications, including journals and textbooks that focus on human resources management practices.

She holds a Master of Arts in sociology from the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

In the Coventry case, Mr Justice Hedley gave guidance about what should happen if a LA want to remove a baby immediately or soon after birth – it can be appropriate to use section 20 in these circumstances but obviously it is vital to make sure the parents understand what is being proposed and give real consent.

The Hackney case concerned a section 20 agreement that had been signed under duress and without the parents understanding what they were signing.

The case involved parents of 9 children who were taken into foster care in 2007 after the police intervened saying the home conditions were not suitable for the children to live in.

Thereafter the parents pursued action against the local authority, saying it had acted unlawfully by taking the children into foster care under section 20 of the Children Act.

In 2015 the court decided Hackney was in breach of its statutory duty and awarded the parents £10,000 each.

In addition, Hackney was ordered to pay 75% of their costs. The Court of Appeal agreed with Hackney and pointed out that the word ‘consent’ does not appear in section 20 – the relevant word is ‘objects’.

A LA should always try to get the consent of everyone who has parental responsibility.

A very important case when considering how section 20 should work is the case of [2015] which appears to be the highest amount of compensation paid for unlawful use of section 20 – £20K to both mother AND child.

The investment in diversity training is especially difficult to measure because the learning objectives and the manner in which employees absorb information are far too subjective for discrete measurement.