However, ion microprobe analysis has the advantage of higher spatial resolution, allowing analysis of complex zoned crystals and fast data acquisition.Countless works in the literature show the pros and cons of TIMS and SIMS, which are, in a broad sense, complementary techniques and the application of one or another will depend on the geological problem to be solved.The external areas correspond to a computing room, where the data are treated and processed, and a separation room, where final heavy mineral fractions are processed by a Frantz electromagnetic separator.

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Since 1964, the Center for Geochronological Research – CPGeo, one of the interdepartmental centers of the Instituto de Geociências (IG) of São Paulo University, has developed studies related to several geological processes associated with different rock types.

O Centro de Pesquisas Geocronológicas (CPGeo), um dos centros interdepartamentais do Instituto de Geociências (IG) da Universidade de São Paulo (USP), desde 1964 desenvolve estudos relacionados a diversos processos geológicos que se associam a diferentes tipos de rochas.

A técnica amplamente utilizada no Laboratório U-Pb é a diluição isotópica por espectrometria de massa termo ionizada (ID-TIMS).

U tracer) since February 1999, combined with the (chemical and mechanical) crystal abrasion process and the low laboratory blank values, has enabled the determination of U-Pb ages of zircon fractions of a few micrograms from Cretaceous and even Tertiary rocks and the use of a single crystal from Neoproterozoic rocks.

The laboratory is divided into different isolated sectors.The U-Pb method is one of the most precise to obtain crystallization ages of igneous rocks as well for the chronological identification of superposed metamorphism in polycyclic regions.The routine in the laboratory starts with the separation and selection of populations of accessory minerals under a stereoscope that is coupled with an imaging system.The third is certified and qualified as a "clean room" (a positive pressure room equipped with a vertical unidirectional airflow hood and Clean Box classified as ISO 05), where chemical digestion and material deposition on filament take place, followed by mass spectrometer analysis., which is a function of the velocity of the process.Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry Isotopic Dilution (ID-TIMS) has been the technique widely used in the CPGeo U-Pb Laboratory.