This is due to primarily to advances in technology (more reliable ovens, manufacture/availability of food molds) and ingredient availability (refined sugar). When removed the icing cooled quickly to form a hard, glossy [ice-like] covering.At that time cake hoops--round molds for shaping cakes that were placed on flat baking trays--were popular. Many cakes made at this time still contained dried fruits (raisins, currants, citrons).

You will find references to him in French culinary history books.

Cake recipes, Fannie Farmer's Boston Cooking School Cook Book [1918] What is the difference between cake, gateau and torte? It generally denotes items made with delicate ingredients which are best consumed soon after the confection is made (gateaux des roi).

In medieval and Elizabethan times they were usually quite small...

Cake is a Viking contribution to the English language; it was borrowed from Old Norse kaka, which is related to a range of Germanic words, including modern English cook." ---An A to Z of Food and Drink, John Ayto [Oxford University Press: Oxford] 2002 (p. English borrowed gateau from French in the mid-nineteenth century, and at first used it fairly indiscriminately for any sort of cake, pudding, or cake-like pie...

The first gateau were simply flat round cakes made with flour and water, but over the centuries these were enriched with honey, eggs, spices, butter, cream and milk.

From the very earliest items, a large number of French provinces have produced cakes for which they are noted.

About cake cake symbolism cake mixes high altitude cake mix icing and frosting cake decorations cake shapes baking papers Pillsbury Bake Off shortening 1234 cake angel food apple sauce cakes baba & savarin banana bread beet cake birthday cake bishop's cake Black Forest cake Blackout cake buche de Noel bundt cake cake pops caramel cake carrot cake checkerboard cake cheesecake chiffon cake chocolate cake chocolate molten lava cake chop suey cake coffee cake cola cakes cranberry bread crazy cake cupcakes danish devil's food diet bread dirt cake dump cake earthquake cake Eccles cake Eggless, milkless, butterless election cake fruitcake galette gateau genoise German chocolate cake Gooey butter cake groom's cake Harvey Wallbanger cake Hostess cup cakes hummingbird cake ice box cake ice cream cake Italian cream cake Japanese fruit cake King cake kolache kuchen kugelhopf Lady Baltimore Cake ladyfingers Lamingtons Lane cake Lord Baltimore Cake madeleines marble cake Mary Ann cakes mayonnaise cake mud cake opera cake Pavlova pineapple upside-down cake poundcake pumpkin bread red devil's food red velvet cake Smith Island cake Snackin Cake sponge cakes & biscuits Stained glass cake torten: Linzer, Dobos & Sacher Texas sheet cake Tipsy parson tomato soup cake Tunnel of Fudge Twelfth Night cakes Twinkies Victoria sandwich cakes wacky cake Washington cakes Watergate cake wedding cake zucchini bread The history of cake dates back to ancient times.

The first cakes were very different from what we eat today.

Gateau is generally used for fancy, but light or rich, often with fresh decoration, such as fresh fruit or whipped cream.

Whereas a cake may remain fresh for several days after baking or even improve with keeping, a gateau usually includes fresh decoration or ingredients that do not keep well, such as fresh fruit or whipped cream.

Gateau has wider applications in French, just as 'cake' does in English..can mean a savoury cake, a sweet or savoury tart, or a thin pancake." ---Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson [Oxford University Press: Oxford] 1999 (p. Choux/ puff paste, sponge, French cremes, Gateau St. As time progressed, baking pans in various shapes and sizes, became readily available to the general public.