Amongst "serious" roleplayers, cybering may occur as part of a larger plot–the characters involved may be lovers or spouses.

In situations like this, the people typing often consider themselves separate entities from the "people" engaging in the sexual acts, much as the author of a novel often does not completely identify with his or her characters.

the increased popularity of webcams has raised the number of online partners using two-way video connections to "expose" themselves to each other online—giving the act of cybersex a more visual aspect.

One approach to cybering is a simulation of "real" sex, when participants try to make the experience as close to real life as possible, with participants taking turns writing descriptive, sexually explicit passages.

Alternatively, it can be considered a form of sexual roleplay that allows the participants to experience unusual sexual sensations and carry out sexual experiments they cannot try in reality.

Due to this difference, such roleplayers typically prefer the term "erotic roleplay" rather than cybersex to describe it.

In "real cybering" personas often remain in character throughout the entire life of the contact, to include evolving into phone sex, and meatspace encounters while in character, as a form of improvisation, or, nearly, a performance art.

While it does not involve physical contact, critics claim that the powerful emotions involved can cause marital stress, especially when cybersex culminates in an Internet romance.

In several known cases, Internet adultery became the grounds for which a couple divorced.

among lovers who are geographically separated, or among individuals who have no prior knowledge of one another and meet in virtual spaces or cyberspaces and may even remain anonymous to one another.

In some contexts cybersex is enhanced by the use of a webcam to transmit real-time video of the partners.

Imagination and suspension of disbelief are also critically important.

Cybersex can occur either within the context of existing or intimate relationships, e.g.

Using similar sites, couples can also perform on camera for the enjoyment of others.