Make sure you select the correct visa category for your circumstances.

If you engage in activities that breach your visa conditions, you could be deported.

Check operators' credentials and safety equipment before booking.

Communal and inter-ethnic tensions have been high in the east in the past.

Isolated incidents of violence can occur with little warning.

Verbal harassment, physical advances, drink spiking and sexual assaults have been reported.

Credit card fraud, including skimming, occurs frequently.

Conventional conflict between the Government of Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in the north of the country ended in May 2009 with the military defeat of the LTTE. The safety standards you might expect of transport and tour operators, including for adventure and water sport activities, are not always met.

Recommended safety precautions and maintenance standards may not be followed.

Safety equipment such as lifejackets and seatbelts may not be provided.

If you plan to participate in adventure activities, first talk to your travel insurer to check if the activity is covered by your insurance policy.

You'll also need a yellow fever vaccination certificate if you're arriving from, or have transited through, affected African and Latin American countries within nine days immediately before entry to Sri Lanka. More information: Make sure your passport is valid for at least six months from the date you intend to return to Australia.

Your passport is a valuable document and attractive to criminals who may try to use your identity to commit crimes. Be aware of attempts to obtain access to your passport by deception.

Marked and unmarked minefields and unexploded ordnance remain in some areas.