This information enables investors, not the government, to make informed judgments about whether to purchase a company's securities. The registration forms companies file provide essential facts while minimizing the burden and expense of complying with the law. domestic companies, the statements are available on the EDGAR database accessible at gov.

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While many SRO proposed rules are effective upon filing, some are subject to SEC approval before they can go into effect.

This Act applies to debt securities such as bonds, debentures, and notes that are offered for public sale.

The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) is also an SRO.

The Act also identifies and prohibits certain types of conduct in the markets and provides the Commission with disciplinary powers over regulated entities and persons associated with them.

This includes the power to register, regulate, and oversee brokerage firms, transfer agents, and clearing agencies as well as the nation's securities self regulatory organizations (SROs).

The various securities exchanges, such as the New York Stock Exchange, the NASDAQ Stock Market, and the Chicago Board of Options are SROs.

Even though such securities may be registered under the Securities Act, they may not be offered for sale to the public unless a formal agreement between the issuer of bonds and the bondholder, known as the trust indenture, conforms to the standards of this Act.

See the full text of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939.

Investors who purchase securities and suffer losses have important recovery rights if they can prove that there was incomplete or inaccurate disclosure of important information. Not all offerings of securities must be registered with the Commission.

Some exemptions from the registration requirement include: By exempting many small offerings from the registration process, the SEC seeks to foster capital formation by lowering the cost of offering securities to the public.

Insider trading is illegal when a person trades a security while in possession of material nonpublic information in violation of a duty to withhold the information or refrain from trading.