The six-second clip sparked a heated debate in the country, with conservatives demanding her arrest pitted against reformers applauding her bravery.The woman was summoned for questioning by police, but later released without charge.

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Other more unusual restrictions on women’s lives include entering a cemetery and reading an uncensored fashion magazine.

However, adds Dowd, everything in Saudi Arabia “operates on a sliding scale, depending on who you are, whom you know, whom you ask, whom you’re with, and where you are”. “Saudi Arabia is the world’s most gender-segregated nation, but amid changes now under way, multiple generations of women are debating how to be truly modern and truly Saudi,” says National Geographic.

The lifting of the ban was announced last year as part of a wider package of reforms aimed at modernising the ultraconservative kingdom, led by Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman.

Although women were not technically banned from driving under Saudi law, local authorities consistently refused to issue women with driving licences, resulting in a de facto ban.

“It has a hard time accepting that women can compete in sports.”When Saudi Arabia sent female athletes to the Olympics for the first time, at London 2012, hardline clerics denounced the two competitors as “prostitutes”.

The women also had to be accompanied by a male guardian and cover their hair.According to Amnesty International, one of those arrested is Loujain al-Hathloul, who is ranked No.3 in a list of the most powerful Arab women for her work in getting the decades-old driving ban lifted.“It is unclear why the activists were arrested,” says NPR, although it comes amid a high-profile campaign in Saudi media outlets and on social media denouncing the women as “traitors”.Here are six things Saudi women are still unable to do: With the driving ban victory still fresh, Saudi women’s rights activists are eyeing up the next hurdle – dismantling the kingdom’s guardianship system, which Human Rights Watch has called “the most significant impediment to realising women’s rights in the country”.All women in the kingdom are considered to have a male “wali” – an official guardian, typically a father, brother, uncle or husband.Women are not allowed to use public swimming pools available to men and can swim only in private ones or female-only gyms and spas.