Marji’s father is doubtful of Iran’s ability to defend itself since all pilots of the fighter jets were either jailed or executed after a failed coup d’état and is disillusioned with the Islamic-Fundamentalist government, an attitude that Marji interprets as defeatist and unpatriotic.Although the Iraqi army had more modern weaponry, Iran had a greater number of young soldiers.

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Marji sees this as unjust and convinces Mehri to attend anti-Shah demonstrations with her on Black Friday (1978).

The massacre that occurred on Black Friday was just the beginning of an extended period of violence, leading to the decline and exile of the Shah in Egypt.

The novel narrates “counter-historical narratives that are mostly unknown by a Western reading public.

Persepolis has won numerous awards, including one for its text at the Angoulême International Comics Festival Prize for Scenario in Angoulême, France, and another for its criticism of authoritarianism in Vitoria, Spain.

He encourages Marji to remember his story, even if she has difficulty understanding it, because it is their “family memory” and it must not be lost.

Marji’s family soon discovers that their communist-revolutionary friends who had just been released from prison are either dead or fled, and Anoosh is arrested and executed as a Russian spy. She feels lost and proceeds to reject her faith, when bombs begin to fall on Iran.

As fundamentalist students were reported in the news taking over the U. embassy, Marji’s family observes their neighbors changing their behavior to suit the new regime, as if they had always adhered to fundamentalist ways.

Her family goes on an abrupt vacation for three weeks to Spain and Italy, only to return home to the announcement of war with Iraq - the second Arab invasion in 1400 years.

Satrapi focuses on a child’s view of the Islamic Revolution, a time when girls were obliged to wear the veil, schools were segregated by gender (whereas Marji previously attended a co-ed school), and secular education was abolished.

In school, Marji learns about revolutions and socialism while observing oppression by the Shah in her daily life.

Omnibus editions in French and English followed in 2007, coinciding with the theatrical release of the film adaptation.