Dietary laws: Some Messianic Jews observe kosher dietary laws, others do not.

Gifts of the Spirit: Many Messianic Jews are charismatic, and practice speaking in tongues. They believe that the Holy Spirit's gift of healing also continues today.

Circumcision: Messianic Jews generally hold that male believers must be circumcised since it is a part of keeping the Covenant.

In this regard, Messianic Jewish practice is similar to that of Christian Baptists.

Bible: Messianic Jews use the Hebrew Bible, the Tanakh, in their services, but also use the New Covenant, or B'rit Hadasha.

For most Jews, however, Jesus is viewed as a historical figure in the tradition of teachers and prophets, but they do not believe he is the Chosen One, the Messiah sent to redeem mankind.

Some Jews may even regard Jesus with enmity, seeing him as a false idol.

However, one relatively modern faith movement known as Messianic Judaism combines Jewish and Christian beliefs by accepting Jesus as their promised Messiah.

Messianic Jews seek to retain their Jewish heritage and follow a Jewish lifestyle, while at the same time embracing Christian theology.

Worship services: The nature of worship differs from congregation to congregation.

Prayers may be read from the Tanakh, the Hebrew Bible, in Hebrew or the local language.

Sin: Sin is regarded as any transgression against the Torah and is cleansed by the shed blood of Yeshua.

Trinity: Messianic Jews vary in their beliefs about the Triune God: Father (Ha Shem); Son (Ha Meshiach); and the Holy Spirit (Ruach Ha Kodesh).

Most Messianic Jews are Jewish by heritage and generally think of themselves as Jews, even though they are not regarded as such by other Jews, or by the legal system in Israel.