The city sits at the intersection of the Via Regia and Via Imperii, two important medieval trade routes.

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There are records of commercial fishing operations on the river , about 8 kilometres (5.0 miles) outside Leipzig city walls.

The first Battle of Breitenfeld took place in 1631 and the second in 1642.

The city employed light guards who had to follow a specific schedule to ensure the punctual lighting of the 700 lanterns.

The Leipzig region was the arena of the 1813 Battle of Leipzig between Napoleonic France and an allied coalition of Prussia, Russia, Austria and Sweden.

The city's mayor from 1930 to 1937, Carl Friedrich Goerdeler resigned in 1937 when, in his absence, his Nazi deputy ordered the destruction of the city's statue of Felix Mendelssohn.

On Kristallnacht in 1938, the 1855 Moorish Revival Leipzig synagogue, one of the city's most architecturally significant buildings, was deliberately destroyed.Leipzig later played a significant role in instigating the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe, through events which took place in and around St. Since the reunification of Germany, Leipzig has undergone significant change with the restoration of some historical buildings, the demolition of others, and the development of a modern transport infrastructure.Leipzig today is an economic centre, the most livable city in Germany, according to the Gf K marketing research institution and has the second-best future prospects of all cities in Germany, according to HWWI and Berenberg Bank.Jewish studies were emphasized and much of the Jewish community of Leipzig became involved.Like all other cities claimed by the Nazis, Leipzig succumbed to aryanization.Goerdeler was later executed by the Nazis on February 2, 1945.