There is limited evidence to prove a cause-effect, but talk to your doctor if you experience memory loss or confusion while taking statins. Further, weight loss and low BMI in older persons are associated with mortality in some studies. The benefit of taking statins likely outweighs the small risk to have the blood sugar level go up. Whether you work in an office or spend time with family, need to be focused, or train hard then Elite Energy is for you. Whether you have a effects of weight loss in elderly amount of weight to lose, or you just want to drop a few effects weight loss elderly for a special occasion, FENFAST is a great choice. Pure Body Vitamins wsb-nav
GADDEY, MD, Ehrling Bergquist Family Medicine Residency Program, Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska KATHRYN HOLDER, MD, David Grant Medical Center, Travis Air Force Base, California. Patient information : See handout on unintentional effects weight loss elderly loss in older adultswritten by elerly authors of this article. This clinical content conforms to AAFP criteria for continuing medical education CME. See CME Quiz Questions. Unintentional weight loss in persons older than 65 years is associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
The most common etiologies are malignancy, nonmalignant gastrointestinal disease, and psychiatric conditions. Effects of weight loss in elderly, nonmalignant diseases are more common causes of unintentional weight loss in this population than malignancy. Medication use and polypharmacy can interfere with taste or cause nausea and should not be overlooked.
Social factors may contribute to unintentional weight loss. Recommended tests include a complete blood count, basic metabolic panel, liver function tests, thyroid function tests, C-reactive protein levels, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, glucose measurement, lactate dehydrogenase measurement, and urinalysis. Chest radiography and effects weight loss elderly occult blood testing should be performed. Abdominal ultrasonography may also be considered. When baseline evaluation is unremarkable, a three- to six-month observation period is justified.
Treatment focuses efffcts the underlying cause. Nutritional supplements and flavor enhancers, and dietary modification that takes into account patient preferences and chewing or swallowing disabilities may be considered. Appetite stimulants may increase weight but effects weight loss elderly serious adverse effects and no evidence of decreased mortality.
Unintentional weight loss i. This article focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and potential treatments of unintentional weight loss in patients older than 65 years. The pathophysiology losss unintentional weight loss is poorly understood. Ib is unclear whether this relationship is a direct cause or a effects weight loss elderly for an underlying condition. Lean body mass begins to decrease up to 0. This loss is offset by gains in fat mass that continue until 65 to 70 years of age.
Total body weight usually rlderly at 60 years of age with small decreases of 0. Therefore, substantial weight changes kn not be attributed to normal anorexia of aging. Overall, nonmalignant diseases are more common than malignancy. Medication adverse effects Table 2 11718 are common but often overlooked causative factors. Allopurinol, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, antibiotics, anticholinergics, antihistamines, calcium channel blockers, levodopa, propranolol, selegiline Eldyprylspironolactone Aldactone Amantadine, antibiotics, anticonvulsants, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, digoxin, levodopa, metformin Glucophageneuroleptics, opiates, SSRIs, theophylline Bisphosphonates, doxycycline, gold, iron, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, potassium Amantadine, antibiotics, bisphosphonates, digoxin, dopamine agonists, metformin, SSRIs, statins, tricyclic antidepressants Information from references 117and Several tools have been developed to aid physicians in remembering the multiple etiologies of unintentional weight loss.
These include the mnemonic Meals on Wheels medication effects; emotional problems, especially depression; anorexia nervosa; alcoholism; late-life paranoia; swallowing disorders; oral factors, such as poorly fitting dentures and caries; no money; wandering and other dementia-related behaviors; hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, and hypoadrenalism; enteric problems; eating problems, such as inability to feed oneself; low-salt and low-cholesterol diet; stones; social problems, such as isolation and inability to obtain preferred foods.
If there is a concern about cognitive impairment, a caregiver or family member can provide corroborating information. The history should focus on the amount of weight lost and the time frame in which the weight loss occurred. If no baseline weight is available, evidence of change in clothing size, confirmation of weight loss by a relative or friend, and a numerical estimate of weight loss can be used.
How Does Exercise Impact Weight Loss?
Statin side effects: Weigh the benefits and risks. Statin side effects can be uncomfortable, making it seem like the risks outweigh the benefits of these powerful. Inflammation, weight gain, low energy, poor focus, bloating, IBS, low motivation. Nov 13, · What Are the Dangers of Sudden Weight Loss in the Elderly? unintentional weight loss in the elderly can signify a number of underlying medical.