Kumayri was a significant and quite-developed urban settlement during the Middle Ages.According to the Armenian scholar Ghevond the Historian, the town was a centre of the Armenian rebellion led by Artavazd Mamikonian against the Islamic Arab Caliphate, between 733 and 755.While the Iranian leaders welcomed the fall of the Taliban, they also saw the presence of American troops in neighboring Afghanistan as a national security threat.

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Iran participated in the formation of the post-Taliban government in the Bonn Conference in December 2001 and contributed to reconstruction efforts, with the aim of establishing friendly ties with Kabul.

invasion of Afghanistan ushered in a fresh chapter in relations between Iran and Afghanistan.

As of the 2011 census, the city had a population of 121,976, down from 150,917 reported at the 2001 census.

It was originally founded as Kumayri, later re-founded as Alexandropol (Russian: Archaeological excavations conducted throughout the Soviet period have shown that the area of modern-day Gyumri has been populated since at least the third millennium BC.

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After 2 centuries of Islamic rule over Armenia, the Bagratids declared independence in 885 establishing the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia.