Apprentices spend about 30-60% of their time in companies (sociální partneři školy) and the rest in formal education.Depending on the profession, they may work for two to three days a week in the company and then spend two or three days at a vocational school.About 40 percent of all Austrian teenagers enter apprenticeship training upon completion of compulsory education (at age 15). The five most popular trades are: Retail Salesperson (5,000 people complete this apprenticeship per year), Clerk (3,500 / year), Car Mechanic (2,000 / year), Hairdresser (1,700 / year), Cook (1,600 / year).

Most of their training is done while working for an employer who helps the apprentices learn their trade or profession, in exchange for their continued labor for an agreed period after they have achieved measurable competencies. People who successfully complete an apprenticeship reach the "journeyman" or professional certification level of competence.

Although the formal boundaries and terminology of the apprentice/journeyman/master system often do not extend outside guilds and trade unions, the concept of on-the-job training leading to competence over a period of years is found in any field of skilled labor.

An apprenticeship is a system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading).

Apprenticeship also enables practitioners to gain a license to practice in a regulated profession.

Australian Apprenticeships combine time at work with formal training and can be full-time, part-time or school-based.

Australian Apprentice and Traineeship services are dedicated to promoting retention, therefore much effort is made to match applicants with the right apprenticeship or traineeship.There were 475,000 Australian Apprentices in-training as at 31 March 2012, an increase of 2.4% from the previous year.Australian Government employer and employee incentives may be applicable, while State and Territory Governments may provide public funding support for the training element of the initiative.On the one hand, it is a prerequisite for the admission to the Master Craftsman Exam and for qualification tests, and on the other hand it gives access to higher education via the TVE-Exam or the Higher Education Entrance Exam which are prerequisites for taking up studies at colleges, universities, "Fachhochschulen", post-secondary courses and post-secondary colleges.The person responsible for overseeing the training inside the company is called "Lehrherr" or "Ausbilder".This is where businesses that are not able to employ the Australian Apprentice for the full period until they qualify, are able to lease or hire the Australian Apprentice from a Group Training Organisation.