--JF     Board of Regents and the Development of the University.

The Regents of the University of the State of New York were created by statute May 1, 1784.

The Secretary to the Board of Regents had long administered the affairs of the University.

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This unwieldy body soon got involved in the day-to-day administration of Columbia.

In 1786 a Regents' committee recommended that colleges and academies have their own trustees, and that the Regents be given broader responsibilities for overseeing education in New York.

In 1854 the Legislature created a Department of Public Instruction, headed by a Superintendent elected jointly by the Senate and Assembly for a three-year renewable term.

The new Department had a small staff which carried on the work of advising local school authorities, allocating state aid, and preparing reports to the Legislature.

These innovations were discussed and promoted by the University convocations, meetings of educators held annually starting 1863.

The scope of the University expanded significantly in 18, when the Regents obtained legislation giving them the right to incorporate and supervise libraries, museums, correspondence schools, and other educational institutions.Unification of the University and Department of Public Instruction.New York State also developed a statewide system of public schools, under the common school law of 1812.The rapid development of public high schools after the 1850s caused administrative confusion.The high schools were operated by union free or city school districts, which the law made subject to visitation and inspection by the Superintendent of Public Instruction.After 1842 the Superintendent of Common Schools was a member of the Board of Regents, as was the Superintendent of Public Instruction after 1854.