Diplomatic relations were formally established on 25 June 1975, soon after Mozambique gained its independence from Portugal.

In June 2007, both Russia and Mozambique signed an agreement on economic cooperation. aid to Mozambique was prominent, due in part to significant emergency food assistance in the wake of the 1991-93 southern African drought, but more importantly in support of the peace and reconciliation process.

Thousands of native Portuguese expats now call the country home and work in a diverse range of industries, especially in construction, engineering, architecture and other jobs with technical skills which may be lacking among the local population.

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Those moving to Mozambique can expect sun-drenched, tropical beaches, warm hospitality and a low cost of living.

Having attained independence from Portugal as recently as 1975, the country still has strong cultural ties to Portugal.

See China–Mozambique relations China-Mozambique relations date back to the 1960s, when China began to support the struggle of Mozambique's Marxist-oriented FRELIMO party against Portuguese colonialism.

Hu Jintao, president of the People's Republic of China, made an official visit to Mozambique in February 2007, during which he and Armando Guebuza, the president of Mozambique, pledged further cooperation in the areas of economy, technology, agriculture, education and sports.

The 1984 Nkomati Accord, while failing in its goal of ending South African support to RENAMO, opened initial diplomatic contacts between the Mozambican and South African governments.

This process gained momentum with South Africa's elimination of apartheid, which culminated in the establishment of full diplomatic relations in October 1993.

Similarly, in early 1996 Mozambique joined its Anglophone neighbors in the Commonwealth.

In the same year, Mozambique became a founding member and the first President of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), and maintains close ties with other Lusophone states.

See Mozambique–Russia relations Mozambique-Russia relations date back to the 1960s, when Russia began to support the struggle of Mozambique's Marxist-oriented FRELIMO party against Portuguese colonialism.

Most leaders of the FRELIMO were trained in Moscow.

Mozambique's decision to enforce United Nations sanctions against Rhodesia and support Rhodesian guerrillas led Ian Smith's regime to undertake overt and covert actions to destabilize the country.