1100 A small town had begun to establish itself outside the castle, and was primarily made up of settlers from England. Mary's Church (where the Prince of Wales pub now stands) was to become a Priory of Tewkesbury Abbey in Gloucestershire around this year.1107Robert Fitz Hamon was killed fighting in Normandy and his Daughter, Mabel, married Robert the Consul.

Many of the roads we drive on today, closely follow the original Roman trade routes (namely the A48 that runs from Gloucester to Carmarthen via Newport, Cardiff, Bridgend and Neath and the A470 which runs from Cardiff to Llandudno) 45 - 300 AD ⁄ CEThe era of peace led to the fort being reduced in size, however during the 3rd Century, Irish raiders were beginning to make frequent hits on South Wales.

The fort was rebuilt and strengthened to help repel the attacks.

The bishop's palace or castle at Llandaff was destroyed at the same time, and was afterwards abandoned.1473The rebuilding of St John's Church with its 130-feet high tower was completed after about 20 years' work as Cardiff recovered from the Glyndŵr attack.

The tower was paid for by Anne Nevill who was later to marry Richard III.1486The marcher lordship of Glamorgan, including Cardiff, was confiscated by the crown after Henry Tudor's Lancastrian victory at the previous year's Battle of Bosworth in which Richard III of the House of York was killed.

The title may have some German or French links, but I cannot confirm this for sure.

Robert, Duke of Normandy was imprisoned in Cardiff Castle.

Further attacks later in the year and in 54 BC ⁄ BCE were also fruitless.

43 AD ⁄ CEThe Roman general, Didius Gallus, was amongst the invasion force that finally managed to overcome the Welsh tribes in South Wales.

He built the motte (mound) with a wooden stockade within the site.

In the 12th century his son-in-law, Robert the Consul, built the stone keep which is visible today.

1147Geoffrey of Monmouth, famous for his book 'History of the Kings of Britain' published in 1136 and which first popularised the stories of King Arthur and his knights, became Archdeacon of Llandaff until his death in 1154. Geoffrey had dedicated his book to Robert the Consul who died this year. John's Church was probably built about now, and was intended as a independent chapel within the town walls. Mary's, allowing parishioners a wider choice of places of worship.1188Accompanied by Gerald of Wales, Archbishop Baldwin of Canterbury on a tour of Wales called the volunteers for the third crusade at Llandaff, reputedly by the medieval Cross there.