Schizophrenia is a commonly misunderstood psychiatric disorder in which sufferers experience severe impairments in the ability to distinguish reality from fantasy.

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As the disease progresses lesions begin to form in the brain and on the spinal cord which interfere with normal data transmission within the central nervous system.

There are currently four types of Multiple sclerosis that range in terms of their severity, these include: Relapsing-Remitting MS, Primary-Progressive MS, Secondary-Progressive MS and Progressive-Relapsing MS.

A number of factors are thought to play a role in the development of schizophrenia including genetics, environment and psychological and social processes.

Since symptoms of schizophrenia are most commonly self reported, obtaining accurate data in reference to this psychological disturbance can be particularly difficult.

The most commonly recognized of this category of disability is the stutter.

Stuttering is characterized by a disruption of the “normal” speech pattern by the interjection of involuntary pauses and blocks in speech and the involuntary repetition of sounds, words and phrases.

Tourette’s syndrome is a neurological disorder that is inherited, yet to date researchers have been unable to identify its cause other than to say that it is largely inherited.

An individual affected by Tourette’s may or may not pass the syndrome on to their own children, current research suggests a 50/50 chance of passing the syndrome from parent to child.

Cerebral palsy occurs in approximately two out of every one thousand live births and is characterized by: abnormal posture, abnormal muscle tone, abnormal reflexes and abnormal coordination and motor development.

Most commonly these individuals experience involuntary movements, muscle spasticity, reduced muscle mass in areas of the body, deformities and contractures of the bone and joints and difficulties balancing and walking.

This syndrome is characterized by a number of tics that come and go throughout the daily life of the individual affected.