They also found abundant evidence of drug use that is normally associated with Shamanism.

The largest pyramid of Caral is Pirámide Mayor; which is 450 ft. Evidence suggests that the pyramids were built by stuffing reed bags filled with stones gathered from hillside quarry’s and riverbanks against a retaining wall.

This process was repeated until the mound had reached the desired dimensions and height.

She is also founder and director of the Archeological project Caral. The Norte Chico people were apparently very peaceful people, no evidence exists of weapons or defensive fortifications, and no evidence exists of Human sacrifice.

The ruins of Caral are located in an arid region, but with nearby rivers, some 14 miles from the coast and 120 miles north of Peru’s modern capital city of Lima. In one of the pyramids they uncovered 32 flutes made of condor and pelican bones and 37 cornets made of deer and llama bones, also found was a primitive quipu.

Although analysis is not available, the retaining walls appear to be made of random sized stones bonded together with mortar (probably lime and sand). C, the Norte Chico civilization began to decline, the circumstances and final time of its decline is unknown.

It was the remains of the reed bags that provided the material for radiocarbon dating of the sites, the oldest of these bags, was dated to 2627 B. It would be another thousand years before the appearance of the next great Peruvian culture, the Chavín.Without pottery it is impossible for the people to boil food, everything would have had to be roasted.Improving the taste, variety, and preparation of food, is one of the first things people normally attend to.Another aspect of Norte Chico, is that it forces those who date the Olmec at 1,200 B. Note: The fact that Egyptians had ocean-going ships at this time, and the documented existence of an Egyptian ship-wreak in Australia, also at this time, is purposely discounted.Crossing the Pacific, is quite different from reaching Australia.Those wishing to pursue an understanding of the Human Journey, and Specifics of the ancient East African migrations, which led to Modern Man's colonization of the entire world; please visit the National Geographic – Genographic Project – Atlas of the Human Journey. During the initial time, there was a long and steady period of development in the region, and this development coincided with a constant increase in population.