In 2009, Palmer went back to her alma mater, Lexington High School in Massachusetts, to collaborate with her old director and mentor Steven Bogart on a workshop piece for the department's spring production.The play, With The Needle That Sings In Her Heart was inspired by Neutral Milk Hotel's album, In the Aeroplane Over the Sea and The Diary of Anne Frank."Strength Through Music," a track from Who Killed Amanda Palmer, indirectly references August Strindberg.

July 2008 the Dresden Dolls released a second book, the Virginia Companion, a follow-up to The Dresden Dolls Companion, featuring the music and lyrics from the Yes, Virginia...(2006) and No, Virginia...

(2008) albums, produced by Sean Slade and Paul Kolderie.

They performed shows in Kingston, New York, Boston, and Brooklyn in August 2016.

In 2017, they performed a Halloween show in Washington, DC and 3 shows in November at the Paradise Rock Club in Boston.

In July 2007, Palmer played three sold-out shows (in Boston, Hoboken, and NYC) in a new "with band" format.

Her backing band was Boston alternative rock group Aberdeen City, who also opened along with Dixie Dirt.Later, she recorded a full album with ukulele accompaniment: Amanda Palmer Performs the Popular Hits of Radiohead on Her Magical Ukulele.On April 20, 2012, Palmer announced on her blog that she launched a new album pre-order on Kickstarter.In it she has written a history of the album The Dresden Dolls and of the duo, as well as a partial autobiography.The book also contains the lyrics, sheet music, and notes on each song in the album, all written by Palmer, as well as a DVD with a 20-minute interview of Amanda about making the book.In June 2008, Palmer established her solo career with two well-received performances with the Boston Pops.