We fit unadjusted and adjusted models; the adjusted models were adjusted for age, bullying victimization from age 13 to 19, and other non-dating physical and sexual abuse before age 18 (see Methods section and footnote in Table ), most subjects reported that they were White (85% for females, 83% for males) and over 90% were heterosexual.

adverse health teen dating violence-52adverse health teen dating violence-34

Yet, little is known about how excessive monitoring through mechanisms such as cell phones or email relate to late adolescent health.

Similarly, “hooking up,” which is a primary pathway to relationship formation among today’s adolescents [] by presenting a ripe context for unwanted/coerced sex.

The sample comprised 585 subjects (ages 18 to 21; mean age, 19.8, SD = 1.0) recruited from The Ohio State University who completed an online survey to assess: 1) current health (depression, disordered eating, binge drinking, smoking, and frequent sexual behavior); and 2) dating violence victimization from age 13 to 19 (retrospectively assessed using eight questions covering physical, sexual, and non-physical abuse, including technology-related abuse involving stalking/harassment via text messaging and email).

Multivariable models compared health indicators in never-exposed subjects to those exposed to physical/sexual or non-physical dating violence only.

Initial validity data from the eight dating violence questions we used in the present study were presented at the Women’s Health Congress in Washington, D. in March 2013 [], and the validation manuscript is undergoing peer review; in brief, a confirmatory factor analysis of the eight dating violence questions showed that the questions loaded onto the hypothesized conceptual abuse factors (physical, sexual and non-physical abuse) [, subjects were asked whether they ever experienced dating violence between age 13 and 19.

Subjects who responded with “yes” were considered exposed to that abuse type.

We used memory prompts, such as asking the subject to remember the year they were in high school, to facilitate recall of the age that a relationship began and ended.

For operational practicality, we asked details about subjects’ three most recent partners [After information about subjects’ relationship history was gathered, dating violence victimization was assessed retrospectively using eight questions covering the three core conceptual areas of intimate (including dating) violence (physical, sexual, and non-physical) outlined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [], and Coker’s dating violence survey currently being administered in a CDC-funded intervention study (unpublished data, personal communication with Dr. Additionally, our questions included newer forms of dating violence/abuse, including harassment/stalking through text messaging and email.

First, to establish relationship histories, subjects were asked whether they had a dating, romantic or sexual partner between age 13 and 19; this could include a boyfriend/girlfriend, someone the subject liked romantically or was involved with sexually but did not consider to be a boyfriend or girlfriend, or someone the subjected “hooked up with” [].