Abdominal Pain Diagnosis It's important to "know your pain" to help your doctor diagnose the reason behind abdominal pain. Utility menu for UofMHealth. These steps may require you to avoid some causes, but also include. Learn more about stomach cancer. What Are Abdominal Pain and Loss of Appetite? What Was The Diagnosis. Participation on this site by a party does not imply endorsement of any other party's content, products, or services.
Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, procedures, news and more, written in everyday language. Wasserman, MD, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine Involuntary weight loss refers to weight loss that occurs when a person is not dieting or otherwise weight loss abdominal to lose weight. Such weight loss can be a sign of appetjte serious physical or mental disorder. In addition to weight loss, people may have other symptoms, such as loss of appetite, fever, pain, or night sweats, due to the underlying disorder.
Zppetite often, weight loss occurs because people take in fewer calories than their body needs. They may take in fewer calories because their appehite has decreased or because they have a disorder that prevents their digestive tract from absorbing nutrients called malabsorption—see Malabsorption. Less often, people have a disorder that causes them to use more calories for example, an overactive thyroid gland. Sometimes, both mechanisms are involved.
For example, cancer tends to decrease appetite but also increases caloric expenditure, leading to rapid weight loss. Almost any long-term illness of sufficient severity can cause weight loss for example, severe heart failure or emphysema. However, these disorders have usually been diagnosed by the time weight loss occurs. This discussion focuses on weight loss as the first sign of illness.
Causes can be divided weight loss abdominal those in people who have increased appetite and those in people who have a decreased appetite. The following information can help people decide when a doctor's evaluation is needed and help them know what to expect during the evaluation. Because many disorders can weight loss abdominal involuntary weight loss, doctors usually need to do a thorough evaluation.
In people with involuntary weight loss, certain symptoms and characteristics are cause for concern. People who have no warning signs should see a doctor when possible. Typically a delay of a week or so is not harmful. Doctors first ask questions about the person's symptoms and medical history. Doctors then do a physical examination. What they find during the history and physical examination often suggests a cause of the weight loss and the tests that may need to be done see Table: Some Common Causes and Features of Involuntary Weight Loss.
Appwtite first ask about how much weight the person has lost and weight loss abdominal what time weigut. Doctors may ask about What drugs, including prescription, over-the-counter, and recreational drugs and herbal products, the person is taking Whether there are any changes in the lsck living situation for example, loss of a loved one, loss abdiminal independence or job, loss of a communal eating routine During the physical examination, doctors check vital signs for fever, a rapid heart beat, rapid breathing, and low blood pressure.
The general physical examination is very thorough because many disorders can cause involuntary weight loss. Doctors examine the heart, lungs, abdomen, head and neck, breasts, nervous system, rectum including a prostate examination for men lac testing for blood in the stoolgenitals, liver, spleen, lymph nodes, joints, and skin. Doctors also assess the person's mood.
Weight is measured, and body mass index is calculated see Determining Body Mass Index. In men, feminization, with loss of muscle tissue, decrease in armpit hair, smooth skin, breast growth In men and women, sometimes a distended abdomen due to fluid ascites and small purple spots on the skin spider angiomas Inappropriate abodminal of weight gain in an losx young woman or adolescent female and lack of normal periods Herbal and OTC products: Aloe, caffeine, cascara, chitosan, chromium, dandelion, ephedra, 5-hydroxytryptophan, garcinia, guarana, guar gum, glucomannan, herbal diuretics, ma huang, pyruvate, St.
Features mentioned are typical but not always present. People's symptoms and papetite findings on physical laco suggest the cause of weight loss in about half of people, including many people eventually diagnosed with cancer. Screening for common cancers for example, colonoscopy for colon cancer or painn for breast cancer is often done.
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