In addition to its 19th century fortifications, the site also contains remains dating back to the Assyrian period.Located on the Tigris and dating from the 3rd millennium BCE, Ashur was the first capital of the Assyrian Empire and the religious centre of the Assyrians.

A Christian pilgrimage site, it contains remains of Roman and Byzantine churches, chapels, a monastery, caves and pools.

The desert castle of Quseir Amra was built in the early 8th century, and had served both as a fortress and a Umayyad royal palace.

The largely unexcavated site contains ruins of Roman fortifications, churches with well-preserved mosaic floors and two stylite towers.

Situated in southern Jordan, Wadi Rum features a great variety of desert landforms including sandstone valleys, natural arches, gorges, cliffs, landslides and caverns.

In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Located along the Nile, the site contains monuments such as the Temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, saved from being submerged by Lake Nasser as a result of the construction of the Aswan Dam.

Extant archaeological remains mainly date back to Roman times, including baths, an arena, a colonnaded road, a triumphal arch, an aqueduct and a hippodrome.

The formerly Greek colony of Cyrene was Romanized and transformed into a capital, until it was destroyed by the 365 Crete earthquake.

The orthodox monastery of Saint Catherine is among the oldest Christian monasteries still in function.

Dating from the 6th century, it is positioned near Mount Horeb where, according to the Old Testament, Moses received the Tablets of the Law.

Continuously inhabited since the Neolithic Era, Byblos was one of the oldest cities of Phoenician origin.